Hossein Fatemi was born in Naeen, 1917. He was educated in Naeen and Isfahan. In 1936, when his brother Nassr-ollah Seifpur founded Bakhtar daily, he cooperated with him. He learned the ropes of journalism in a short time. He was introduced to Setareh daily whose managing editor was Ahmad Maleki. Due to his exceptional talent in the field, he became the chief editor of Setareh daily. After a while, Bakhtar was transferred to Tehran. As it cooperated with leading authors, and contained strong and documented articles, Bakhtar occupied a pivotal role in journalistic circles of Tehran. In 1945, he decided to go to Europe to study journalism. During these years, he was in einancial difficulties. While in Europe, he used to send articles for Marde Emruz and Setareh. In 1949, he became the managing director of Bakhtar Emruz. Following the formation of National Front in 1949, Fatemi became a close comrade to Dr. Mossaddeq. As a matter of fact, he was the director of National Front and close council to Dr. Mossaddeq; and Dr. Mossaddeq confesses that nationalization of oil industry was proposed by Dr. Hossein Fatemi. His journalist rivals accused him that he has been baptized in the American school of Isfahan and does not regard and is not faithful to Islamic rites. Some people called him the direct agent of the British. However, Dr. Mossaddeq in a speech delivered later announced that even if you are right and he has been a British agent, now he has repented and his attitude is justified for me in every way.
He was deputy prime minister to Dr. Mossaddeq in Parliament and political affairs. In February 1952, when he was delivering a speech in the anniversary of Mohammad Massoud, he was shot by a member o Fadaeyian Islam. He was under treatment for eight months in Iran and Europe. In the seventeenth term of Majlis he was elected from Tehran, but he couldn't attend the first Majlis sessions due to his illness. In October 1952, he was appointed minister for foreign affairs. Among his main actions in the ministry are the breach of political relations with the British and the closure of the British Embassy in Tehran and the British consulates in the provinces on the grounds that it supported Anglo Iranian Oil Company illegally and its official agents meddled in the internal affairs of the country. When the Shah of Iran decided to leave the country, his open war with the court began, he had to tolerate many hardships.
Following Dr. Mossaddeq's fall and 19th August coup, he went into hiding for seven months until he was arrested in February 1954. He was condemned to four times execution and was executed in Nov. 9th, 1954, and was buried next to July 20th martyrs.