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the foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

The foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period


Iranian Contemporary History No. 60


History Hall


  Reza Shah's Wives

Mehdi Jangravi


Reza Shah was born in Alasht, Savadkuh of Mazandaran, 1877. His father, AbbasAli Khan was a member of Savadkuh forces, and his grandfather, MoradAli khan had lost his life in Herat war in 1856. His mother, Nushafarin was the fifth wife of AbbasAli Khan who bore only Reza Khan.


Subsequent to her husband's death, Nushafarin came to his relatives to Tehran, and married again to Jafar who by her first wife had a son, Hadicjan,   later known as Hadi Atabay.


Reza Khan's first marriage was to his cousin, Maryam. He lived with her for nine years and on the birth of her daughter, Hamdam, later known as Hamdam-os-saltaneh, lost her life. Later Hamdam married to Hadi Atabay, and it was an excuse for the permanent presence of Atabays in the court.


Reza Khan's second wife was Taj-ol-moluk, daughter of Brigadier general Teimur Khan Airemlu, a Cacausian officer. At this time Reza Khan was a major. She bore him four children: Shams (1917), Mohammad Reza and Ashraf (1919) and AliReza (1922).


After Reza Shah, Taj-ol-Moluk married GholamHossein Divani of an influential Shirazi family who became a member of Majlis very soon.


Again, Reza Shahh decided to marry a third wife, daughter of a Qajar dignitary, Eissa Khan Maj-os-Saltaneh AmirSoleimani, Turan, and have links to Qajar family. But this marriage did not last long. She got her divorce two years later, and did not marry until Reza Shah's death and lived with her only child, prince GholamReza. Then she married to a rich merchant, Zabihollah Malekpur.


Yet Reza Khan still wanted to have a forth marriage. So he married a  daughter of Gholamali Mirza Mojall-od-dowleh, Esmat-ol-Moluk Dowlatshahi. He had four sons and one daughter by her: Abdoreza (1924), AhmadReza (1925), MahmudReza (1926), Fatemeh (1928), and HamidReza (1935). Esmat-ol-moluk followed Reza Shah to Mauritius, and returned after a few months. She did not meddle in political questions, but used her influence to appoint her relatives in money making offices. She remained in Iran after Islamic Revolution and died in her ninety in 1995.

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Fatemeh Pahlavi (Hamdam-os-Saltaneh), Reza Shah's elder daughter and his two sons by his next wife; from left: GholamReza Pahlavi, Hamdam-os-Saltaneh and MahmudReza Pahlavi

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Hadi Atabay, Reza Shah's elder daughter, Hamdam-os-Saltaneh's husband

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Taj-ol-Moluk Pahlavi, Reza Shah's second wife

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Reza Khan and Taj-ol-Moluk's children: Mohammad Reza, Shams, Ashraf and AliReza and two of their orderlies

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Taj-ol-moluk Pahlavi by her sons and daughters in Switzerland; from left: Shams Pahlavi, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Taj-ol-Moluk Pahlavi, AliReza Pahlavi, Ashraf Pahlavi

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Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (the crown prince) and his mother Taj-ol-Mouk Pahlavi

AliReza Pahlavi, Mohammad Reza Shah's only full brother

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GholamHossein Saheb Divani, Taj-ol-Moluk's second husband in company with Ali Qavam at Hafiz's Tomb in Shiraz, from left: GholamHossein Saheb Divani and Ali Qavam

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Turan AmirSoleimani, Reza Shah's third wife

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GholamReza Pahlavi in his fifth year of life by his mother's side, and some other relatives in old school garden (1928), from left: Turan AmirSoleimani

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Turan AmirSoleimani and her second husband, Zabih-ollah Malekpur

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Esmat-ol-Moluk Dowlatshahi, Reza Shah's fourth wife while living in Mauritius in South Africa

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Reza Shah's children in company with GholamReza Rashid Yassemi leaving for Europe for study (1933); from left: Mahmud Reza, GholamReza, GholamReza Rashid Yassemi, AhmadReza, and AbdorReza

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Reza Shah in late days of his life in Johannesburg

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Taj-ol-Moluk Pahlavi in the late years of his son's reign

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