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the foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

The foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period


Iranian Contemporary History No. 60


History Hall


  Reza Shah in Exile

Rozita Miri


Reza Shah Pahlavi had to retire from monarchy in Sept. 15th, 1941, his son Mohammad Reza Shah replaced him and came to the throne. Reza Shah had to leave Tehran for Isfahan. Then he headed for Isfahan. Through Yazd and Isfahan, he entered Bandar Abbas. He left Iran by Bondra, accompanied by his family members, his special secretary, Ali Izadi and some of his servants. They approached Bombay, October 1st; but through orders of the British government, they could not stay in Bombay and left for Mauritius by Burma. After ten days of sailing, she cast anchor in Porte Louis. Then Reza Khan and his company went to Moca by car. Hot and humid weather of Mauritius made Reza Khan sicker and sicker. He demanded to leave for South Africa and then Canada. But the British refrained from sending him to Canada and accepted his procession to Porte Durban and Johannesburg.


Having resided in Porte Durban for sometime, they left for Johannesburg where Reza Shah lived his last month a very sad and desperate life and suffering a heart disease, he died in July 25th, 1944. They mummified his corpse and trusted it to Egypt. It was transferred to Tehran in 1950 and was buried in grave near to AbdolAzim.

Reza Shah Pahlavi some days before retirement from monarchy in company of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi leaving the Majlis after taking the oath of monarchy; from the right: Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Hassan Esfandiari, Mohammad Ali Forughi, Abdollah Entezam

Reza Shah's residence in exile

Reza Shah Pahlavi in company of his sons and daughter and his son-in-law; Reza Khan Pahlavi, Shams Pahlavi, Fereidun Jam, GholamReza Pahlavi, Ahmad Reza Pahlavi, AbdorReza Pahlavi and Mahmud Reza Pahlavi

Esmat-ol-Moluk Dowlatshahi, Reza Shah's third wife in Mauritius

Ali Izadi, Fereidun Jam and his wife, Shams Pahlavi in Mauritius

GholamReza Pahlavi, Fatemeh Pahlavi, Esmat-ol-Moluk Dowlatshahi, HamidReza Pahlavi, Fereidun Jam, Ali Izadi and MahmudReza Pahlavi

Ali Izadi and AhmadReza Pahlavi

GholamReza and AliReza Pahlavi in Mauritius

AbdorReza Pahlavi in Mauritius

Reza Khan Pahlavi in Johannesburg

Reza Shah's funeral in Egypt

Reza Shah's corpse at Masjed-on Nabi mosque in Medina before transferring to Iran; from right: Morteza Yazdanpanah, Abdollah Hedayat and Mansur Mozayyan

Reza Shah's corpse at Masjed-on Nabi mosque in Medina before transferring to Iran; from right: Morteza Yazdanpanah, Abdollah Hedayat and Mansur Mozayyan

Reza Shah's funeral in the holy shrine of Hazrat Massoumeh in Qom; from the right: 1. Ahmad Dehqan, 3. Hedayatollah Guilanshah, 4. Ebrahim Hakimi, 5. AbdorReza Pahlavi, 6. AliReza Pahlavi, 7. GholamReza Pahlavi, 8. Morteza Yazdanpanah

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Taj-ol-Moluk Pahlavi, by Reza Shah's Corpse at the holy shrine of AbdolAzim in Share Rey

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