Institute for Iranian
Contemporary Historical Studies (Foreign Policy Studies) WWW.IICHS.ORG
Conference on the Islamic Resistance Renaissance in the Middle East (a look to Hezbollah’s epic endeavors)
With 10452 square kilometers and a population of 5 million people, Lebanon is located in the west of the Asia. The country has one of the most complicated forms of Political systems in the world. Royalty to religion and the ethnic group, not to the country and nation in Lebanon has been always in the first place. Though, the structure of government is democracy, this is the consensus of the various religious groups to divide the power among themselves. According to the French statistics of 1932, the Marounis, Sunnis and the Shiites are the mostly populated religious groups which according to the same statistics, the distribution of political power has been carried out.
Considering the gradually increasing immigration of the Christians to Europe and the United States, and the Sunnis to the Arab Countries and the lessening of the number of the children within these two groups, and on the other hand, due to the rapid increase in the population of the Shiites and their non immigration, today the Shiites are the mostly populated group among the religious and ethnic groups. According to the Dhaef agreement, the power of the president was transferred to some extent to the prime minister and the parliament, however, with regard to the change in the population composition, it seems that the distribution of power and various social, educational and economic facilities should change according to this pattern.
"The abstract of the articles presented in this conference edited in persian language and is available in WORD and PDF formats as follows"